Saturday, July 22, 2006

Cipura


Sparus aurata

Body oval, rather deep and compressed. Head profile regularly curved. Eye small. Mouth low, very slightly oblique. Lips thick. Four to 6 canine-like teeth anteriorly in each jaw, followed posteriorly by blunter teeth which become progresively molar-like and are arranged in 2 to 4 rows (teeth in the 2 outer rows stronger). Total gill rakers on first arch short, 11 to 13, 7 or 8 lower and 5 (rarely 4) to 6 upper. Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 13 to 14 soft rays. Anal with 3 spines and 11 or 12 soft rays. Cheeks scaly, preopercle scaleless. Scales along lateral line 73 to 85. Colour silvery grey; a large black blotch at origien of lateral line extending on upper margin of opercle where it is edged below by a reddish area; a golden frontal band between eyes edged by two dark areas (not well defined in young individuals); dark longitudinal lines often present on sides of body; a dark band on dorsal fin; fork and tips of caudal fin edged with black.

ALBANIA : Koce .
ALGERIA : Aura .
DENMARK : Guldbraxen .
EGYPT : Denis .
FINLAND : Kultaotsa-ahven .
FRANCE : Daurade , Dorade , Dorade royal .
GERMANY : Goldbrasse .
ITALY : Orata .
LEBANON : Ajâj .
MALTA : Orata .
MAURITANIA : Daurade royale , N'tad , Zapata morisca .
NETHERLANDS : Goud brasem .
NEW ZEALAND : Snapper , Tamure .
POLAND : Dorada .
PORTUGAL : Dourada , Douradinha , Safata .
ROMANIA : Dorada .
SPAIN : Chaparreta , Daurada , Dorada , Dourada , Orada .
SWEDEN : Guldbrasse .
TUNISIA : Gerraf .
TURKEY : Cipura .
UNITED KINGDOM : Gilt-head .
YUGOSLAVIA : Komarca , Ovrata .
UNITED KINGDOM : Gilthead , Gilthead seabream .
UNITED STATES : Gilt head bream , Gilthead bream .

2 comments:

. said...

GREECE: τσιπούρα (pronounced tsipoora -same pronounciation heh?)

Ayhan Enginar said...

Türk Dil Kurumunun (TDK) Genel Agdaki Sozlugu çipuranın Rumcadan (yani Yunancadan) geldigini belirtiyor, ancak Latince karsiligini Sparus aurata degil Aurata aurata olarak veriyor. Bu bir yana, acikcasi ben Cipura ile Karagoz ve Cupra (Cobitis) baliklari arasindaki iliskiyi de pek anlayabilmis degilim. Bir bilen anlatsa da hep beraber ogrensek...

Ote yandan, Turkce ile Yunancada benzer/ortak sozlerin coklugu taife-i cuhela (bilgisiz takimi, ozellikle 3. ulkelerden olanlar) disinda kimsenin bilmedigi birsey degil. Ornekler: Yalanci (Yalanci dolma), Dolmades (Dolma), Karpuzi, Kavuni (Turkcelerini yazmaya gerek var mi?) Osmanli Imparatorlugunun kapsadigi -pek nufuz edemedigimiz uzak col bolgeleri disinda- hemen butun cografyada ve ozellikle ulkenin gozdesi Balkanlarda gastronomi alaninda terminoloji cok benzesir. Bu alanda Imparatorlugun butun dillerinin az cok katkisi vardir,Rumca da en cok balik adlari konusunda soframiza/mutfagimiza girmistir. Ancak, Imparatorlugumuzda, bu konuda da, Ispanyollarin hilo conductor dedigi unsur Turkun ta kendisidir. Doneri kendine mal etmeye calisan Arabin uydurdugu kelimenin bile aslinin Turkce cevirme oldugunu saniyorum...

Saygilarimla,